School-based Malaria programs
ADPP’s schools-based malaria prevention projects aim to strengthen local community capacity in promoting malaria prevention and control interventions. By combining the forces of the educational and health authorities, teacher training colleges and primary schools, the projects seek to institutionalize community-based malaria control activities. Schoolchildren are able to function as agents of change, sharing their knowledge on malaria and facilitating behavior change in the community.
In the initial stages of the project, staff establish a network of trained Malaria Control Teachers from local primary schools, who form Malaria Control Committees at each school. Committee members typically include teachers, students, and representatives from the school management and the local community. Working from the teachers’ manual on malaria developed for the project*, the teachers give malaria lessons in class: on what malaria is and how to avoid it, how to recognize the symptoms, and the importance of seeking treatment. Extra-curricular activities are carried out by students organized in Malaria Control Patrols.
Patrol members received a manual outlining 42 actions, ranging from performing theatre in the community, to distributing mosquito nets to pregnant women and children under five, which they carry out under the supervision of their teachers during the school year. The manual features “JUCA”, a young character well known from National Malaria Program campaigns, serving both to support the national effort and reinforce the children’s knowledge.
ADPP teacher training schools in the target provinces train students to use the Malaria teachers’ manual. Trainee teachers in their work experience period can directly support project activities, and the capacity of the coming corps of teachers to deliver malaria education is simultaneously created.
Using schools as a platform for a community-based malaria intervention, ADPP has reach more than 200,000 people in four provinces since 2009.
The Malaria manual for teachers can be downloaded here (in Portuguese). It was developed by ADPP Angola in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Education, with financing from USAID/PMI